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《Geographical Research》 2018-09
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The coordinated development of regional tourism innovation in the Pearl River Delta: Based on interduality theory

JIANG Jinbo;TANG Jinwen;School of Economics and Commerce, South China University of Technology;  
Based on interduality theory, the regional tourism innovation system is divided into the state subsystem and the process subsystem which characterize the innovation ability and innovation efficiency, respectively. Focusing on nine cities in the Pearl River Delta(PRD)region, this study develops the index system and the evaluation model of coordinated development in tourism innovation. In addition, the innovation ability, the innovation level of the subsystem, and the degree of inter-city coordination are derived from relevant statistical data. The evaluation, calculation and classification results of the comprehensive development level and the coordinated level of the innovation subsystem show that the developmental differences in tourism innovation of the nine cities could be characterized as a U-shaped pattern. The tourism innovation ability of Guangzhou and Zhongshan is good but with a low coordination degree, while both of the indexes are good for Shenzhen. For the remaining six cities, the comprehensive level of tourism innovation is low; however, their coordination degree is high. Therefore, to promote the coordinated development of tourism innovation in the nine PRD cities and thereby enhance the overall level of regional tourism innovation, the following measures should be taken. First, effective measures should be taken to increase investment in tourism innovation, initiate favorable policies of tourism innovation, ensure a beneficial environment for tourism innovation, and create a positive atmosphere for tourism innovation. Emphasis should be placed on the areas with low-level tourism innovation;constant improvements should be applied to the innovation mechanism in those areas and innovative talents and funds should be provided continuously, which turn to the learning region of tourism innovation. Second, innovation within the tourism industry is expected to be strengthened and the productivity of tourism innovation should be enhanced. We should comprehensively improve the overall quality of the employees, train innovative talents, and vigorously promote the construction of tourist talent tanks. Third, it must be acknowledged that regional cooperation will deliver growth across regions. In order to accelerate the diffusion and spillover of tourism innovation, the effect of spatial proximity on tourism innovation should be exaggerated. For example, in terms of tourism innovation, Hong Kong and Macao can exert a leading influence on the Pearl River Delta; meanwhile, Guangzhou and Shenzhen should cooperate with other cities in order to promote the coordinated development of regional tourism innovation. At the same time, we should actively guide the rational allocation of tourism innovation resources among regions, and promote the relevant industries to support tourism innovation in the special regions.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41671150)
【CateGory Index】: F592.7
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