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《Geographical Research》 2018-10
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The construction of spatial planning system under the background of institutional reform

HAO Qing;Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS;Chinese Academy of Land and Resource Economics;College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
In March 2018, China's state institutions were reformed and the Ministry of Natural Resources of the People's Republic of China was established to implement unified management of natural resources and spatial planning. Establishing spatial planning system is an important responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources, which is also the prerequisite for the integration of various types of spatial planning and effective operation of spatial governance mechanism. The focus of "establishing a unified spatial planning system" is not to unify the external forms of various spatial planning, but to ensure the rational division and effective transmission of the spatial development rights at different levels and different types of spatial planning, so as to improve comprehensively China's spatial governance capacity. To conduct a comprehensive and in-depth study on the international spatial planning systems, literature review method and comparative analysis method are employed in this paper. Based on the results, it is suggested that the new spatial planning system of China should be consisitent with political system and legal basis as well as the changing trend of future spatial development and governance patterns. A spatial planning system has been constructed, covering policy/guidance planning, bridging planning, and implementation planning respectively from the macro,medium and micro perspectives. It proposes that macro and medium spatial planning only have constraints on the next level of spatial planning and special spatial planning and do not involve the allocation of specific land use and spatial development rights, while micro scale land use planning, urban planning, and village planning provide legal basis for land use and spatial development. The system defines the hierarchical relationships, which would further promote the implementation of major national strategies. Moreover, the allocation of rights of spatial planning at the micro scale can give more autonomy to the local government and market. It is also suggested that spatial planning should strengthen the connection with national economic and social development plan, especially at the city and county level. The rules for the preparation and implementation of spatial planning should be established to improve the scientific rationality of the plans. It is also necessary to establish a use of territorial space system, which plays an important role in the implementation of spatial planning system.
【Fund】: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA20010201)
【CateGory Index】: TU984.113
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