International peace parks: Concept distinction, basic characteristics and research issues
WU Xinzhi;School of Business and Tourism Management, Yunnan University;
International peace parks(IPPs) have a history of more than 80 years since 1932,when the Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada and the Glacier National Park in the United States were merged into Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, the first peace park in the world. With the rise of IPPs since the 1980 s, foreign scholars have carried out much research and made great achievements. However, there is much confusion over concepts and terms used in this field, which has led to the need for further research. Therefore, this paper proposes a definition of IPP based on sorting out related concepts and discusses its basic characteristics.The results show that:(1) The term, transboundary conservation area(TBCA), is different from transboundary protected area(TBPA) in that the former has a broader sense according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN), while the terms of transfrontier conservation area(TFCA) and transfrontier park(TFP) are mainly referred to Southern Africa context.(2) As a special type of TBCA, IPPs are distinct from those peace parks known to most Chinese people.(3) The IPP has four basic characteristics, namely, transboundary of spatial distribution, multidimension of development goals, diversity of cooperative levels and complexity of joint management.Up to date the IPP is still a new thing for ordinary Chinese people, which has not attracted public attention. And it is of great significance to introduce the notion of IPPs into China, since the Chinese government is trying to improve the levels of international cooperation and to create a community with a shared future for mankind by promoting the Belt and Road Initiative. At the same time, many IPPs with unique tourist attractions are undoubtedly ecological cross-border tourism destinations from the aspect of tourism geography and deserve to be discussed and explored by tourism geographers. By taking full advantage of this discipline, China's tourism geographers can conduct in-depth studies on IPPs in terms of project feasibility, planning and construction, development and protection, monitoring and evaluation, etc., so as to open up a new research field.
【Fund】： 国家旅游局万名旅游英才计划研究型英才培养项目(WMYC 20171066)
【CateGory Index】： F592
【CateGory Index】： F592