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《Geographical Research》 2018-10
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Geographical identification and classification of residential environmental deprivation: A case study of Zhengzhou city

LUO Qing;LI Shuangjin;LIU Rongzeng;LI Xiaojian;Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development, School of Resources and Environment, Henan University of Economics and Law;  
The design of multidimensional deprivation measurement and the improvement of geographical identification accuracy are important contents of urban social geography research in recent years, being also the key problems faced by the city government in building a harmonious and comfortable residential environment. According to the requirements of the residential planning and the 15 minutes community life circle, based on the accessibility of the nearby facilities related to the daily life, this paper constructs the evaluation framework of city residential environment and identification methods, carries out the geographical identification of residential environment in Zhengzhou on the sub-district scale, and brings forward some measures to eliminate the environmental deprivation according to the similarity of the types of policies. The results show that the sub-districts with a low value of multidimensional deprivation index represents a "ten" distribution pattern and increases gradually from the center to the periphery, and the interaction between any two dimensions has a nonlinear enhancement to explain the spatial differentiation of the multidimensional deprivation index. The single dimension deprivation index shows significant spatial clustering characteristics, but the spatial variation of different environmental dimensions presents different morphological characteristics. This paper identifies 32 sub-districts as the multidimensional deprivation area,and can be divided into the five types including the noise deprivation, the medical and education deprivation, the life and travel deprivation, the quality and life deprivation, and the living deficiency based on the deprivation dimension. According to the different types of deprivation, this paper puts forward the targeted measures to improve the suitability of the residential environment and enhance the vitality of the sub-district.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41771141 41471117);; 国家社会科学基金项目(17BJL065);; 河南省哲学社会科学规划项目(2017BJJ005);; 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(16JJD770021)
【CateGory Index】: TU984.12
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