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《Geographical Research》 2018-10
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Human settlement evolution of traditional village based on theory of complex adaptive system: A case study of Zhangguying village

LI Bohua;ZENG Rongqian;LIU Peilin;LIU Yiman;DOU Yindi;Research Establishment for Hunan Settlement;College of City &Tourism, Hengyang Normal University;Cooperative Innovation Centre for Digitalization of Cultural Heritage in Ancient Villages and Town;  
Severe crisis such as architectural landscape destruction, cultural gene loss,settlement space conflict and ecological environment deterioration have aroused widespread concern on transformation of traditional villages' human settlement. Based on complex adaptive system theory, this paper analyzes the systematic characteristics of human settlement from the perspectives of the systematic basic features, structural composition and adaptive mechanism. Composed of natural ecology, social culture, regional space and multi-agent systems, the rural human settlement environment system is a huge open complex system.Compromising multiple objectives, multiple subjects and multiple sub-systems, the system is compatible with complex adaptive system features. With the case of Zhangguying village human settlement evolution studied, the conclusions are shown as follows:(1) At the wavering stage(1978-1988), the villagers' self-organizing development was the leading force of the human settlement evolution. The subject adaptive behavior and the effect of human settlement were both limited. The human settlement evolution of Zhangguying village was still on the accumulative stage of quantitative change.(2) At the transitional stage(1989-2001), strong government intervention was the leading force. This intervention resulted in the complexity of interest relation, high speed transformation of flow elements and uncertainty of systematic evolution. The human settlement evolution of Zhangguying village was on the key stage of qualitative change.(3) At the revulsion stage(2002-till now), interaction of multiple subjects has been the leading force. The intensity and complexity between subjects or between subjects and environment have both increased. Continuous tourism input has led to the dramatic change of the human settlement environment. The transformation of human settlement has been realized. The structure and level of the system have undergone a qualitative leap. In order to promote the orderly development of the traditional villages' human settlement, the paper constructs systematic regulation mechanism from the perspectives of promoting self-adaptive capacity, emphasizing self-organizing reaction, optimizing dominant regulation and introducing social governance. Using complex adaptive system theory to study science of human settlements is still at a groping stage, and it needs to be further improved, which provides innovation space for future research.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41571161 41501191);; 国家社会科学基金重大项目(16ZDA159);; 湖南省社会科学基金重点项目(17DB054);; 湖南省社会科学成果评审委员会项目(XSP18YBZ041);; 衡阳师范学院第十七届大学生课外学术科技作品重点项目(H49)
【CateGory Index】: TU982.29;C912.82
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