The intercultural study from geographical perspectives in the context of cultural globalization
ZHANG Jinhe;TANG Guorong;HU Huan;YU Peng;ZHAO Lin;Department of Land Resources and Tourism Sciences, Research Center of Human Geography,Nanjing University;
The multicultural world is a realistic description of cultural globalization and localization condition. Intercultural theory provides a new paradigm for thinking about cultural diversity as well as a strategy, wisdom to deal with cultural differences in the process of cultural glocalization. This paper argues that intercultural theory adheres to a dialectical view on cultural diversity. On the one hand intercultural theory acknowledges and accepts the fact that cultural diversity exists prevalently, and cultural diversity is a common heritage and precious wealth of humankind; on the other hand, cultural diversity is also the cultural barrier that needs to overcome, and needs to deal with the intercultural paradox, that is how to coexist with the difference in a multicultural world. Recognizing the diversity and respect otherness is a prerequisite of interculturality which seeks the coexisting sameness with the common meaning of intercultural characteristic, reveals the internal relevancy in the intercultural situation and commits to strengthen the interaction between the heterogeneous cultures in the premise of mutual subjectivity. Meanwhile, interculturality establishes the principle on how to coexist with the difference in a multicultural world. Interculturality reveals the essence of intercultural relations and advocates intercultivism of cultural and political practice.Intercultural understanding is the basis of interculturality, and intercultural interaction is the way to achieve interculturality. Intercultural respect is the necessary guarantee for intercultural understanding and interaction, and the equality of intercultural interaction has promoted the intercultural understanding and respect. Intercultural identity not only shows respect and acceptance of the underprivileged culture, but also answers the question on how to calmly deal with the major issues of dialogue between the weak culture and the powerful culture. More importantly, it has aggregated the mutual development of different cultural characteristics. On the basis of the analysis on intercultural situation and intercultural theory in the multicultural world, this paper discusses geographical perspective on intercultural research and argues that the progressive geographical thought should adhere to a dialectical view on cultural diversity,and admit the difference, sameness, relevance and interactivity in diversity as well as establish the principle, that is how to coexist with the difference in a multicultural world. The mutual respect and identity between the local cultures is formed on the basis of mutual understanding and equal interaction, with the final aim to construct a special intercultural world with temporal and spatial characteristics. The intercultural world opens up a new path to address the challenges that resulted from the super-diversity, mobility, fluidity and mixed inherency in the multicultural world. Multicultural world presents its extraordinary splendour of cultures around the world, and intercultural worlds are able to better cope with super-diversity and multidimensional differences in the world of others. The study from the geography perspective makes intercultural theory more profound, and intercultural theory can also inspire geographical ideology.