Centennial research process of tourism geography in Japan
JIN Yushi;ZHAO Yuzong;School of Tourism and Geographical Science, Qingdao University;
In this paper, the historical evolution and development characteristics of research on tourism geography in Japan are introduced through literature reviews on major geographic journals and academic books of tourism geography. According to historical background and current academic research, the development of tourism geography in Japan is divided into four stages:(1) Emergence stage(before the WWII): the tremendous literatures concerning tourist handbooks before the Meiji Restoration with the religious tourism development were rich in tourism geographical knowledge. The international tourism after the Meiji Restoration attracted academic attentions and participation of famous geographers, which laid a foundation for the following tourism geography. Overall, research accumulation in this stage was very limited and no explicit idea of tourism geography was formed.(2) Start-up stage(WWII-1970 s): as entering into the age of mass tourism, the rapid growth of tourism demands and updating of tourism supply influenced regional environment and society significantly. Geographers show more and more concern on tourism. They enriched research contents, began to make theoretical explorations on tourism geography and established an independent discipline preliminarily.(3)Development stage(late 1970 s-early 1990 s): the tourism development enthusiasm promoted by leisure sports, popularization of vacation and bubble economy were changing Japan profoundly, which provided abundant research materials for tourism geography. Research width and depth increased significantly. The research theories and scientificalness of tourism geography further enhanced. The formation of a group of tourism geographical experts was the talent foundation for professional development of tourism geography.(4) Pluralism development stage(middle 1990 s-): the tourism leisure became rational, personalized and diversified. Emerging tourisms occurred continuously and the international tourism market became increasingly active. Research spatial range and perspective of tourism geography further expanded. Regional-based research was developed after long-term theoretical explorations and accumulation. It was determined by a professional discipline. Research on tourism geography in Japan started early and has been developed academically for nearly one century. Unique features have been formed through continuous theoretical and methodological explorations and developments. Regional-based research, which is the key of Japan's tourism geographical study, especially based on micro-space unit, is relatively mature and has accumulated a number of cases. Diversification and internationalization of tourism geography study began to be manifested. Meanwhile, it is faced with various challenges, such as macroresearch shortage, oversimplified research methods, weak applicability, inadequate interdisciplinary researches, low international level, etc.
【Fund】： 教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金项目(ZR2015030002);; 青岛市双百调研项目(2011-B-10)
【CateGory Index】： F593.13
【CateGory Index】： F593.13