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《Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica》 1991-01
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INTERGENERIC HYBRID OF TRITICUM AESTIVUM WITH HORDEUM DISTIOHUM AND THE SELECTION AND CHROMOSOME STABILITY OF ITS BACKCROSS PROGENY

Liu Cuiyun Li Zhang Wei Xiaoping He Yizhe Yan Zhenglu (Northwestern Institute of Botany,Yanoling,Shaanxi 712100)  
Intergenous F_1 Hybrids between common wheat and cultivated barley were successfully obtained by means of immature embryo cul- ture.The hybrids were self-sterile.In the back cross,mixed pollen of Chinese Spring and Changnong 82 was used to pollinate the hybrids and the BC_1F_1 was obtained as a result.The seed set was 4.35%.Us- ing mixed potlens of 78380-1 and Misuizao,and the pollen of xiao- yah 107 to pollinate BC_1F_1 separately,the BC_2F_1 was produced. The seed set was 45.45% and 31.25% respectively.Somatic chromo- some numbers of F_1 plant were aneuploid.They varied from 18 to 27 and 2n=21 in most cases.In the MI of PMC,univalent cells were 37.0% and bivalent cells ranging 1-4.were 63.0%.F_1 plant were similar to commou wheat in morphological characters.The phenotype of backcrossed progenies was intermediate to their parent,with a few showing overparent appearance.In progenies of BC_2F_4,the euploid cell(2n=42)dominated.The chromosome configuration was compli- cated,but there were three major kinds of them,21Ⅱ, 20Ⅱ+2Ⅰ and 19Ⅱ+4Ⅰwith most cells being 21Ⅱ.Monosomic and disomic addition lines were selected from separate progenies including new ty- pes which have useful agronomical characters.
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