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《中国地球化学学报(英文版)》 1993-01
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Organic Inclusions as an Indicator of Oil/Gas Potential Assessment of Carbonate Reservoir Beds

SHI JIXI LAN WENBO [Institute of Geochemistry(Guangzhou Branch),Academia Sinica,Guangzhou,510640]  
Organic inclusions could be formed at the stages of either primary or secondary migration of hydrocarbons so long as mineral crystallization or recrystallization takes place in the sediments,presenting a direct indicator of oil/gas evolution,migration and abundance.Based on the study of organic inclusions in carbonate-type reser- voir beds of commercial importance from North China,Xingjing,North Jiangsu,Jianghan,Sichuan and Guizhou in China,many inclusion parameters for oil/gas potential assessment of carbonate reservoir beds are summarized in this paper,including:1)Types of organic inclusion:Commercially important oil beds are characterized by inclusions consisting of either pure liquid hydrocarbons or liquid plus minor gaseous hydrocarbons,while commercially important gas reservoirs are characterized by inclusions consisting of either pure gaseous hydrocarbons or gas plus minor liquid hydrocarbons.2)Quantity of organic inclusions:The num- ber of organic inclusions in commercially important oil/gas reservoirs is over 60% of the total inclusion percen- tage.3)Temperature of saline inclusions:The homogenization temperatures of contemporaneous saline inclu- sions in oil reservoirs range from 91-161 ℃,while in gas reservoirs from 150-250℃).4)Inclusion composition:In commercially important oil reservoirs,C_1/C_2=2-10,C_1/C_3=2-4,C_1/C_4=2-21, (C_2-C_4)/(C_1-C_4)(%)20,(CH_4+CO+H_2)/CO_2(molecules/g)=0.5-1.0,and in C_2-C_3-nC_4 triangle diagram there should be an upside-down triangle with the apex within the ellipse,while in commercial gas reservoirs, C_1/C_2=10-35,C_1/C_3=14-82,C_1/C_4=21-200,(C_2-C_4)/(C_1-C_4)(%)20,(CH_4+CO+H_2)/CO_21,and there would be an upright triangle with the apex within the ellipse. The above-mentioned parameters have been used to evaluate a number of other unknown wells or regions and the results are very satisfactory.It is valid to use organic inclusions as an indicator to assess the oil/gas potential during oil/gas exploration and prospecting.This approach is effective,economic,rapid,and easy to popularize.
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