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《Geochimica》 2006-01
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Environmental risk and sources of heavy metals in Xuzhou urban topsoil

WANG Xue-song1and QIN Yong21.Department of Chemical Engineering, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Lianyungang 222005, China; 2.School of Resources and Geoscience, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China  
Heavy metals in urban soils have been shown to be very useful tracers of urban environmental pollution in that urban soils are the “recipients”of large amounts of heavy metals from a variety of sources including industrial wastes, vehicle emissions, coal burning waste and other activities. Twenty-one urban topsoil samples were sampled from the city of Xuzhou. The soil samples were dissolved using HNO3-HClO4-HF. The following elements were determined by ICP-AES: Zn, As, Sb, Sn, Ag, Se, Sc, Ba, Bi, Pb, Cu, Ni, Cr, Mn, Mo, Be, Ga and Co. Cd was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry coupled with a graphite furnace (GF-AAS). Hg was analyzed with cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Compared to the arithmetic means of China natural soils, Zinc, Cd, As, Hg, Sb, Sn and Ag have higher accumulation in the Xuzhou urban topsoil than that of the others, such as Se, Sc, Ba, Bi, Pb, Cu, Ni, Cr, Mn, Br, S, Mo, Be, Ga and Co. The possible sources of urban topsoil are not common to all urban environments, but vary according to the peculiarities of each city. Statistical analyses suggest that heavy metals studied in Xuzhou urban topsoil can be classified into four groups: “natural”elements (Ti, Ga, V, Co, Mn, Be and Pt), “traffic”elements (Ag, Se, Sc, Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd, Mo and Au ), “burning coal”elements (Bi, Cr, Hg, As, Sb and Pd) and elements of mixed origins (Sn and Ba). Environmental risk index also indicate higher risk as result of heavy metal pollution in urban topsoil. The frequency of samples that belong to or surpass the grade of medium environmental risk is almost 40%.
【Fund】: 江苏省“333”学术技术带头人培养工程项目资助
【CateGory Index】: X833
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