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《Geochimica》 2010-02
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Lunar tectonic evolution:A conceptual basis for interpreting the lunar photographic images achieved by Chang'e 1 orbiter

ZHANG Fochin1,4,LI Chun-lai2,ZOU Yong-liao2,LIU Jian-zhong2,LIU Jian-jun2,ZHENG Yong-chun2,MIAO Lai-cheng1,WANG Shi-jie3,LIN Yang-ting1,LIU Dun-yi4 and OUYANG Zi-yuan2,3 1.Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China;2.2.National Astronomical Observatories,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100012,China;3.Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang 550002,China;4.Institute of Geology,Chinese Academy of Geologic Sciences,Beijing 100037,China  
Based on review of previous lunar exploration data,a case analysis and interpretation of the photographic images achieved by Chang'e 1 orbiter,this paper introduces new concepts and summarizes the recent progresses in deciphering lunar tectonics and evolution.We describe different types of lunar structure and outline the lunar tectonic evolution in the following four aspects:(1) Modification of lunar time scale by dividing lunar evolutional history into three stages of the Eo-,Paleo-and Neolunaris and introducing the Australian and Pre-Australian Periods;(2) New concepts for ejecta formation analysis,by introducing and depicting the excavi-sedimentation system (ESS),the sculpturing-and-infilling spittoon (SIS) and its resulted tearing-sculpture zone (TSZ) based on the case analysis of the Hevelius formation ejected from the Mare Orientale with a new viewpoint of interaction between the ejecta and the pre-existing lunar surface.(3) Possible spatial-temporal shifting of the basin-forming events during the late heavy bombardment (LHB) and a tentative model of sub-antipodal re-orientation of the Moon as the result of LHB by tracking the spatial variation of the lunar topography and temporal migration of lunar basins and maria.(4) Proposal of one-plate global tectonics possibly existed in the Eolunaris at the late stage of the lunar magma ocean (LMO) according to analysis of lunar linear structural grains and the combined planar geometric architecture preserved in the ancient lunar terra.It is concluded that the tenets of lunar tectonic evolution are mono-tendency,characteristic of transformation from endogenic tectonics driven by LMO convection in the initial and early stages to exogenic structures produced by asteroid cratering.
【CateGory Index】: P184
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