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《Geochimica》 2015-01
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Element mobilization, mass-change quantification and formation mechanism of wall rock alteration in the Gaosongshan epithermal gold deposit, Heilongjiang Province, China

ZHENG Luo;GU Xue-xiang;ZHANG Yong-mei;LIU Rui-ping;GENG Hui-qing;WANG Yan-zhong;ZHAO Hong-hai;LI Ya-jun;State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences;The First Gold Geological Party of CAPF;  
The Gaosongshan epithermal gold deposit is hosted in a Lower Cretaceous andesite. Ore bodies occur as veins controlled by fractured zones in wall rocks. Hydrothermal alteration are well developed in the Gaosongshan gold deposit, including silicification, pyritization, adularization, illitization, sericitization, carbonatization, chloritization, etc. According to alteration mineral assemblage and whole rock geochemistry, 3 alteration zones have been identified(proximal to distal): strong silicification-adularization zone, silicification-illitization-adularization zone and adularization-propylitization zone. This paper focuses on estimating the migration pattern of elements by quantitative calculation and graphical methods, and discussing the link between alteration mineralogy and elements migration. Results show that alteration process of andesite is closely related to Au mineralization, especially silicification, adulariazation and pyritization. Based on the relationship between alteration process and mineralization, we discussed the hydrothermal alteration forming mechanism of the Gaosongshan gold deposit.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40930423 40873036);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2009CB421003-01);; 高等学校学科创新引智计划(B07011)
【CateGory Index】: P618.51
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