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《GEOCHIMICA》 1995-S1
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STUDY ON SULFUR SOURCE OF ACID RAIN USING SULFUR ISOTOPIC TRACE

Zhang Hongbin; Chen Yuwei; Liu Deping(Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, The Chinses Acadeny of Science, Guangzhou 510640)  
In order to study sulfur source of acid rain, the sulfur isotopic composition of precipitated water, atmospheric SO_2, aerosol, industrial coal and heavy oil, including their burning products in Guangzhou area, were measured. The fractionation effect of sulfur isotopic during burning process of coal and heavy oil were also studied. The results indicate that the fractionation effect of sulfur isotope of heavy oil is similar to that of coal: the SO_2, as a gaseous product of burning of heavy oil, is enriched in  ̄(32)S, whereas the particle, as a solid product, is enriched in  ̄(34)S.With the principle of mass balance, the 4 sulfur sources, i.e. anthropogenic, biogenic, sea spray and transport sulfur, and their contributions to the acid rain in Guangzhou area have been calculated quantitatively. The results is of environmental geochemical significance.The sulfur isotopic compositions of contamination souce provide an“internal standard”for tracing their global circulation.
【Fund】: 广东省重点科技攻关课题 省科委基金 国家自然基金
【CateGory Index】: X517
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