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Variation of the East Asian Winter Monsoon Recorded by Chinese Loess during the Last Four Glacial-Interglacial Cycles

Sun Youbin 1,2 , An Zhisheng 1 (1.Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an710075, China; 2.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao266071, China)  
Study on the high resolution loess record from the Chinese loess plateau is the main approach to reveal the past climatic change and variability. The undisturbed and continuous accumulation of the loess deposits has provided an opportunity to develop complete and high resolution records of terrestrial climate changes over multiple glacial interglacial cycles during the past 7 million years. In the present paper, Lingtai and Zhaojiachuan profiles from the central loess plateau were studied down to loess unit L5, formed during the last four glacial interglacial cycles. Quartz grains were extracted by chemical methods for grain size analysis, and the grain size data indicate that coarse quartz volume fraction could be considered as the reliable proxy of the East Asian winter monsoon. Changes in the content of coarse quartz volume fraction have documented the high frequency variability of winter monsoon during the last four glacial interglacial cycles and can be well correlated to the marine δ ( 18 O) record, whereas the content of the coarse quartz volume fraction variation shows a different variability during every glacial period that may indicate the various underlying conditions and non linear responses during the last four glaciations. It is worthwhile to note that in some cases the variation of coarse quartz volume fraction exhibits a disagreement with both magnetic susceptibility variation and the marine oxygen isotope curves. Such disparity of the past climate changes revealed by different proxy records is very important for understanding the global significance of Chinese loess and thus requires further investigation.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 (G19990 4340 1) ;; 国家自然科学基金项目 (No .4982 30 0 1 49972 0 5 6 )
【CateGory Index】: P532
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