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《Earth Science(Journal of China University of Geosciences)》 2013-01
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Energy-Balanced Unequal Clustering Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks of Mine Roadway

LI Jian 1,2,SHI Xin 3,Liu He-ping 1 1.School of Automation,University of Science and Technology Beijing,Beijing 100083,China 2.Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering,Nanyang Institute of Technology,Nanyang 473000,China 3.Department of Avionics Engineering,Shenyang Aviation Vocational Technical College,Shenyang 110034  
An energy-balanced unequal clustering algorithm is proposed to solve the"hotspot"problem caused by long ribbon topology of mine roadway,in which the cluster heads close to the sink which has heavy burden leading to failure.A new threshold formula is constructed to elect the candidate cluster heads.Candidate cluster heads determine the cluster heads by certain campaign radius.After a reasonable partition,the clusters closer to the sink node have fewer nodes than those farther away from the sink node to balance the energy consumption;the hybrid communication mode within the cluster is adopted for the load balancing;for the data-forwarding between the cluster heads,the lowest energy consumption mechanism is proposed to select the next hop.Simulation results show that this protocol can balance energy consumption effectively to extend the network life cycle.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(No.10671011);; 北京市教委重点学科共建项目(No.XK10008053)
【CateGory Index】: TN929.5;TP212.9
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