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《Progress in Geophysics》 2014-05
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Borehole shear strain observation and anisotropy caused by fault

ZHANG Jing;CAO Jian-ling;LIU Qi;CEA Key Laboratory of Earthquake Prediction (Institute of Earthquake Science,China Earthquake Administration);  
In this paper,using the data of borehole component strain-meter of China digital seismological observation network,the state of surveying sites are described and data precision are analyzed.Based on the tidal theory the coupling coefficients and phase lags of shear strain are inversed by using surveying data.The inversion results show that the systematic bias of maximum phase lag is up to about 10 hours,and overall coupling coefficients are small. The mechanism of the systematic bias of shear strain is discussed by combining the fault strike.The theoretical and observational shear strain were calculated based on the different finite element model,which using homogeneous medium and different strike fault with different viscosity coefficient.The relation between orientation of shear strain and fault strike is studied.The results show when the orientation of shear strain is close to the fault strike,the maximum phase lag is up to 11.5 hours,simultaneously the coupling coefficients are relative small,which are consistent with the inversion results approximately. This paper also discusses the relationship between media anisotropy,fault and other related issues.
【Fund】: 地震行业科研专项(201108009-3)资助
【CateGory Index】: P315.72
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