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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1991-01
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ON THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE PROGRESS OF RESEARCHES FOR EXPLORING THE POSSIBILITY OF DIRECT DETECTION OF HYDROCARBON BY GEOPHYSICS

Gu GONG-XU(Institute of Geophysics, State Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100081)  
In recent years, direct detection of oil and gas by the seismic reflection technique has been widely attempted. In this article, it is aimed to review the progress from certain published results.The paper will begin with the formulas of reflection of elastic waves at the boundary surface between different solid media, as derived by C. G. Knott in 1899 and K. Zoeppritz in 1919 and the ensuing numerical computations by the use of those formulas, resulting in the finding of the relation between the variation of the amplitude of reflected waves with the distances from receivers to the seismic source along seismic profiles, and also the effect of Poisson's ratio of both media on such relationship.Then several examples of practical application for direct detection of oil and gas by reflected seismic waves in areas of seismic exploration are described. The purpose is to look for problems to be encountered in employing this new technique.Finally, in a discussion, it is anticipated that this new technique is prospective. However, at present, it is still not usable, far from being practically applied. It should be subjected to long and continued basic research in the future.
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