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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1993-01
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ROLL-BACK SUBDUCTION AND BACK-ARC OPENING

SHI YAO-LIN( Graduate School, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100039)WANG YUEN-CHI(University of Califorma Berkeley, CA 94720)  
It has been found that a correlation exists among ages of oceanic crust, subduction angle, and abundance of back-arc basins in subduction zones. Active and mature back-arc basins are abundant in western Pacific where ages of oceanic crust are relatively old, the lithosphere is cold and heavy, and therefore subduction angles are relatively large; while few back-arc basins are found in eastern Pacific where ages of the crust are young and subduction angles are relatively small. We investigate the mechanics of the correlation by calculating the induced mantle flows by subducted slab in back-arc regions. The results of computation indicates that great subduction angle and existence of roll-back subduction are favorite conditions for inducing upwelling of mantle flows in back-arc region, and upwelling of hot mantle materials may lead to back-arc opening. In contrast, young oceanic crusts are warm and light, thus, subduction angles are usually small, and it is difficult to induce mantle upwelling and back-arc opening. Density of continental crust is smaller than that of the mantle, therefore, back-arc opening is unlikely to occur at continental collision zones.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
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