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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1999-S1
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RECORDS OF ANCIENT CENTRAL SOLAR ECLIPSES IN CHINA AND VARIATION OF THE EARTH'S ROTATION

HAN YAN-BEN (Beijing Astronomical Observatory,National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012,China)  
It is simply introduced that the principle and method which the records of the ancient central solar eclipses (total and annukr solar eclipses) are used in the study of secular variation of the Earth's rotation rate in the past about 2000 years and more in this paper. The observations and records of the ancient central and near central solar eclipses in China are discussed. A series of △T, which is able to express the secular variation of the Earth's rotation, is obtained from 20 reliable eclipses. The acceleration of the Moon in its orbit, -26. 0"/(100a)2, is used in this paper. The mean of the variation of length of the day (1. o. d. ) is about 1. 4 ms/100 a for epoch of A. D. 1141 according to the result.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(19573011)
【CateGory Index】: P183.31
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