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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1999-S1
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3-D SIMULATION FOR THE EFFECT OF DEEP STRUCTURES TO THE PREPARATION OF STRONG EARTHQUAKE IN XINGTAI AREA

YING JING-YUAN MEI SHI-RONG (Center for Analysis and Prediction, CSB, Beijing 100036, China)  
Using 3-D finite element method the state of stress field disturbance in Xingtai earthquake area is simulated. The corresponding results indicate that the existence of deep and shallow faults causes a different stress concentration around them. In the upper section of the vertical fault the mean stress and the horizontal shear thress increase, while in the central and the low section the mean stress decreases and the horizontal shear stress increases' respectively. The former should be beneficial to the accumulation of the elastic potential energy and to the creation of the main rupture. The latter should be beneficial to the creeping slip before the main rupture. The existence of the combined high-low velocity body, vertical fault beeply buried in the crust and the upward movement of upper mantle are the important structural factors for earthquake preparation. The high velocity body is the main part for stress concentration. The creeping slip before an earthquake and the occurrence of main shock should take place within or near the vertical fault, as the stress concentration and the graient of stress change are biggest around there. The upward movement of upper mantle augments the stress concentration level greatly. This should raise the risk of the preparation and occurrence of an earthquake.
【Fund】: 国家地震局“九五”科研攻关项目(95-04-03-01)
【CateGory Index】: P315.2
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