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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2005-06
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Magnetic responses to vertical migration of fly ash in a soil profile

YAN Hai-Tao~(1,2),HU Shou-Yun~1,E.Appel~3,V.Hoffmann~3,ZHU Yu-Xin~11 Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China2 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China3 Institute of Geology and Paleontology,University of Tuebingen,72076 Tuebingen,Germany  
Five short profiles were investigated nearby a store site for fly ash of the Meixi power plant in Anji,Zhejiang province,China.All the profiles were measured,and almost the same results were got.Profile T361 of 26cm length is presented in this paper as an example.Magnetic measurements and thermomagnetic κ-T curves show that multidomain magnetite from fly ash is a dominant magnetic mineral above 14cm,and anti-ferromagnetic mineral increases gradually with depth below 12 cm.Geochemical and grain size analyses also show the difference.Fuzzy C-means clustering shows that fly ash sedimentates on the soil surface with depth of 14cm,and accumulates at 11~14cm,then migrates into soil from 14 to 21cm.Below 21cm,soil is not polluted.In the migrating part,multidomain magnetite and fine anti-ferromagnetic mineral coexist,and the content of Pb and Zn is lower than the top and higher than the bottom of the profile.Factor clustering reveals a positive correlation between χ,ARM,SIRM and concentration of grain from 32 to 63 μm,that is,most of the ferrimagnetic components are contained in this range of grain.Strong correlation between χ,ARM,SIRM and Cu,Mn,Pb, and Zn also were found.Magnetic measurements can reveal the polluting process of fly ash in soil profiles with help of clustering analysis.
【Fund】: 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所创新课题“西苕溪流域重金属污染时空分布的磁学机理研究”(CXNIGLAS-A02-07);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划“湖泊富营养化过程与蓝藻水华暴发机理研究”(2002CB412300);; 国家基金委面上项目“湖泊流域重金属污染时空分布的磁学研究”(NSFC40172102)资助
【CateGory Index】: X773;
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