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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2007-01
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Fine structure of P-wave velocity variations underneath the Central Pacific from PKP waves recorded at the China Seismic Network(CSN)

ZHENG Si-Hua~(1,2),SUN Xin-Lei~2,SONG Xiao-Dong~(2,1)1 Institute of Earthquake Science,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100036,China2 Department of Geology,University of Illinois,Urbana IL 61822,USA  
Seismic PKP arrivals are sensitive to P velocity structure in the lowermost mantle.Earthquakes in South America recorded at China Seismographic Network(CSN) provide excellent samples of the lowermost mantle underneath the Central Pacific.Here we use differential travels between the AB and DF branches of PKP waves to constrain the small-scale variation of P waves beneath the Central Pacific.The use of differential AB-DF times reduces the biases of errors of earthquake locations and origin time and heterogeneity of the upper mantle but is sensitive to the structure in the lowermost mantle.Our results show large positive AB-DF differential time residuals across large areas of the lowermost mantle beneath the central Pacific,which may indicate the source region of the "Pacific Super Plume".The observed PKP residuals consist with the predictions for Grand's tomographic S model.Our inferred P velocity variation(which is about 2% in the bottommost 200 km D″ layer) is about 36% of the S velocity variation.However,we observe significant variations in travel-time residuals both inside the Central Pacific Plume and near its boundaries.The results have implications for understanding the structure and nature of the Pacific Super Plume.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(20274012);; 中国科学院知识创新计划(KZCX3-SW-131)资助
【CateGory Index】: P315
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