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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2007-03
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Three-component seismic profiling at the Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling site

YANG Wen-Cai~1, ZHU Guang-Ming~2, YANG Zhen-Hua~2, WANG Hong-Lin~3, XU Gang~3, ZHOU Yi-Ping~3, YAO Hong~3, LI Gui-Hua~21 Institute of Geology, CAGS, Beijing 100037,China2 Institute of Applied Geophysics, Chang-An University, Xi'an 710061, China3 Production Seismology Center of Eastern Geophysics, China Petroleum Co., Zhuozhou 072750, China  
This paper introduces the data-acquisition and processing method applied in the 3-component seismic investigation in Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling site as well as some primary results of the survey. In order to obtain good converted wave signals, primary wave-field investigation is required for designing the seismic configuration parameters. There are three difficulties should be overcome in the 3-component data processing, they include statics, S-wave velocity analysis and converted-wave stacking. The reason why the 3-component survey is usually performed after completion of the drilling and VSP investigation is because the data-processing and interpretation need drilling and VSP data. For instance, without core velocity measurements or VSP interval velocity data, one can hardly establish a reliable S-wave velocity model, and complete the X-and Y-component data processing and interpretation. Comparing with common Z-component surveys, horizontal components show the converted reflectors that can provide particular and significant information related to fluids or anisotropy of deep rocks. On the left part of the X-component depth-stack profile, a special layer of dense horizontal reflectors appears at depth 2600~3400 m, which is different from P-wave reflection profile and correlated to gas anomalies of CH_4 and CO_2, implying a newly-developed fluid and fracture zone.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2003CB716505)资助
【CateGory Index】: P631.4
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