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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2009-12
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Response analysis of the well-water-level system in confined aquifer

LIU Xu-Yan,ZHENG Xiao-Jing,WANG Lin,JI Ying-Feng Earthquake Administration of Fujian.Fuzhou 350003,China  
Based on principles of viscoelastic mechanics and hydrostatics,this paper expounds the dynamic mechanism of cubic strain response to excitation force in the confined aquifer and derives its theoretical formula.The result shows that the dynamics equation of well water-level system is an amplifying link of zero-order.It also shows that its transfer function is a constant.According to these results,the allowable bounds of theoretical calibration value η of water-level system were determined when the porosity of the confined aquifer is zero or one.Whereas the well-water-level system is a natural cubic strain gauge,the amplitude ratio (tide factor) computed by Venidikov s harmonic analysis method is the transfer function (sensitivity) of the system.Because wave M2 is the main component of the semidiurnal wave which is the main component of the observation data of ground water level,the paper takes the reciprocal of the amplitude ratio (sensitivity) of wave M2 as the theoretical value η of well water-level system.With this theoretical calibration value η, the water-level seismic wave excited by Wenchuan earthquake is calculated through the minute values of observation of well water level of five wells in May,2008.The calculated result shows that the amplitude of seismic water-level wave is the same as the cubic strain wave of the planet Earth at approximately the order of magnitude 10~(-7)~10~(-8).
【Fund】: 中国地震局老专家科研基金资助.
【CateGory Index】: P315.723
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