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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2010-12
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Frictional sliding of hornblende gouge as compared with plagioclase gouge under hydrothermal conditions

LAN Cai-Yun,HE Chang-Rong~* ,YAO Wen-Ming,JING ChenState Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics , Institute of Geology , China Earthquake Administration , Beijing 100029 , China  
Using a framework of rate and state friction laws, we report and discuss the results of friction experiments performed on hornblende simulated gouge and comparison of frictional sliding of hornblende simulated gouge against plagioclase simulated gouge. Hornblende and plagioclase are two major rock-forming minerals in a diorite sample from the Longmenshan area. We sheared a 1-mm-thick gouge layer between saw-cut forcing blocks in a triaxial testing machine under conditions of effective normal stress 200 MPa and pore pressure 30 MPa. Temperature was varied from 100 to 614 ℃. To investigate the velocity dependence of friction we toggled the shear displacement rate between 1. 22 and 0. 122 μm/s. Our results show that the hornblende gouge was much weaker than the plagioclase gouge and showed a steady-state friction coefficient μ~(ss) of ~0. 70 at sliding rate of 1. 22 μm/s compared with ~0. 75 for the latter. The volume-weighted averages of the friction coefficients of plagioclase gouge and hornblende gouge (at 1.5 mm permanent axial displacement) agree well with a limited number of supplementary test results on the friction coefficient of diorite gouge. Hornblende gouge showed velocity strengthening in the whole range of temperature from 100 to 614 ℃, in strong contrast with the velocity-weakening behavior of plagioclase gouge in the same temperature range. These results imply that the hornblende gouge may have an effect of promoting velocity strengthening of diorite gouge whereas plagioclase gouge has the opposite effect. As hornblende gouge has finer grain size and easier to be comminuted, it is speculated here that hornblende powder may fill the gaps between plagioclase grains and may make plagioclase-hornblende mixture like diorite gouge exhibit velocity-strengthening behavior.
【Fund】: 地震行业科研专项(200708014);; 地震动力学国家重点实验室(LED2008A03)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P542
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