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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2011-01
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Amplification effects of soil sites on ground motion in the Weihe basin

WANG Hai-Yun Institute of Engineering Mechanics,China Earthquake Administration,Harbin 150080,China  
Effects of soil sites on ground motion are relatively serious,their amplification effects on ground motion must be considered in site selection and seismic fortification of buildings to prevent or mitigate seismic hazard of buildings.The mainshock's acceleration time histories of 27 stations(including 2 bedrock stations and 25 soil stations)in the digital strong motion seismograph network installed in the Weihe basin in Wenchuan great earthquake were recorded. Utilizing the acceleration time histories,the amplification effects of 25 soil stations are studied and analyzed by traditional spectral ratio method with geometric attenuation while Tangyu station is seclected as reference site.The results are as follows.(1)Peak ground accelerations(PGAs) on the soil sites in the Weihe basin in the Wenchuan great earthquake have decreasing trends with the epicentral distances regardless of the soil thickness.(2)According to the characteristics of both acceleration response spectra of soil sites and amplification effects of soil sites on ground motions in the Weihe basin in the Wenchuan great earthquake,the soil sites in Weihe basin can be classified into 3 categories,i.e.,deep,intermediate,and shollow soil sites,which respectively amplifies the low frequency components,components in the vicinity of 1 Hz,and high frequency components of ground motions significantly.It is noteworthy that high frequency components of ground motions are also amplified to a centain extent for deep soil sites,but the amplification factors of high frequency components are smaller than those of low frequency components.(3) The amplification effects of soil sites on different direction(i.e.EW,NS and UD)ground motions in the Weihe basin in the Wenchuan great earthquake are different.Generally,EWNS UD.(4)Abnormal area of intensity Ⅶ along basin edge from Baoji to Meixian in the Weihe basin in the Wenchuan great earthquake resulted from combined amplification effects of both soil sites and basin edge effects on ground motions.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(50878199) 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点项目(90715038) 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(50808166) 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2007CB714201);; 中国地震局工程力学研究所基本科研业务费专项(2007B13)资助
【CateGory Index】: P315
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