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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2011-04
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Monitoring nighttime medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances using the GPS network over North America

SONG Qian~(1,2),DING Feng~(1*),WAN Wei-Xing~1,LIU Li-Bo~1,NING Bai-Qi~1 1 Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China 2 Graduate University,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China  
Using the total electron content(TEC) data observed from a dense GPS network in North America from June 2007 to May 2008,we analyzed the propagation characteristics of the nighttime medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances(MSTIDs) over North America.The results show that,the nighttime MSTIDs occur frequently between the local time of 21:00LT (05:00UT) and 02:00LT(10:00UT),which can be characterized by the maximum amplitude of 0.45~0.6TECU and the average perioB of 20~40 minutes in the TEC perturbation series.The nighttime MSTIDs tend to propagate southwestward at the horizontal velocities of 100~200 m/s covering large area in the range of magnetic latitude(24°N~44°N) and longitude(130°W~70oW).The statistical results indicate that,the nighttime MSTIDs have a clear semiannual variation,with the maximum amplitudes around equinox and the smallest ones around solstice;the horizontal velocities in summer are about 20%larger than that in winter.Further studies have revealed that,the semiannual variation of nighttime MSTIDs is caused by the semiannual variation of background TEC,while the seasonal variation of the horizontal velocity is closely related with the seasonal variation of the thermospheric wind.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40974089 40774090);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2006CB806306 2011CB811405)资助
【CateGory Index】: P352
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