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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2011-04
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Determination of ionospheric observabies with precise point positioning

ZHANG Bao-Cheng~(1,2),OU Ji-Kun~1,LI Zi-Shen~(1,2),YUAN Yun-Bin~1 1 Key Laboratory of Dynamic Geodesy,Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430077,China 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China  
In recent years,the Global Navigation Satellite System(GNSS) signals with extensive spatial coverage and temporal continuity have become an important source for ionosphere study. Determination of the ionospheric observables is the first step for GNSS-based ionosphere study, which is commonly done by combining the geometry-free linear combinations of carrier phase and code observations with leveling process to generate the so-called Leveled Ionospheric Observables (LIOs).However,the leveling process is vulnerable to the length of continuous satellite arc and receiver dependent model errors(e.g.multipath effects and measurement noise).In this paper,a strategy for determining the ionospheric observable with Precise Point Positioning(PPP) is proposed,and the resulted PPP Ionospheric Observables(PIOs) have coincidently identical forms with the LIOs.Different from the leveling process,the available IGS satellite orbits/clocks can be utilized by the PPP to effectively reduce the unknowns that have to be estimated,thus improving the accuracy of generation of ionospheric observables.Based on the short-and zerobaseline experiments,the improving reliability of PIOs with respect to LIOs is verified from comparing the spread of the between-receiver single difference of both ionospheric observables corresponding to different satellite arcs:in the cases of two representative days,the effect of receiver dependent model errors on the LIOs is respectively reduced to 44.4%and 35.7%of that on PIOs,which reveals that the PIOs would be more beneficial for ionosphere modeling and prediction.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40874009 41074013);; 国家杰出青年科学基金(40625013)资助
【CateGory Index】: P228.4
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