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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2011-04
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Crustal and uppermost mantle structure of the Heilongjiang region from ambient noise tomography

GAO Dong-Hui~(1,2),CHEN Yongshun John~(1*),MENG Xian-Sen~2, ZHANG Yong-Gang~2,TANG You-Cai~1 1 Institute of Theoretical and Applied Geophysics,School of Earth and Space Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China 2 Earthquake Administration of Heilongjiang Province,Harbin 150090,China  
We have inverted for the Rayleigh wave group velocity distribution of Heilongjiang province at periods of 8~40s using ambient noise tomography.Two-years continuous data used in this study are from 44 permanent seismic stations of the Heilongjiang Regional Seismic Network and adjacent stations in Jilin and Inner Mongolia provinces.Green's functions were first extracted from cross-correlations of data at adjacent stations and group velocity dispersion measurements were then made using the frequency-time analysis method.Our results show significant lateral variations in crustal and uppermost mantle structures of the region.Group velocity anomalies at short periods correlate well with the surface geology of basins and mountains.The strong slow velocity anomaly at periods of 8~20 s beneath the Songliao basin suggests a rather thick sediment deposit.The reverse phenomenon of the fast and slow group velocity anomalies at periods of 16~25 s indicates that the Moho beneath the Greater Higgnan Mountains is at deeper depth than that in the Songliao basin.Slow velocity anomalies at long periods of 30~40s were observed beneath the eastern area of the northern extension of the Tanlu fault zone,indicating upper mantle activities there such as localized asthenospheric upwelling. The work reported here has completed an important step towards incorporating teleseismic surface wave inversion of the crust and mantle structures of this northeast China region which could provide important observational constraints in understanding the tectonic process at the surface and distribution and origin of deep earthquakes beneath the region.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省科技攻关计划项目(GB08C102);; 黑龙江省地震局一般科研项目(200901);; 国家自然科学基金委项目(90814002 40821062)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P315
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