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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2012-01
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The mechanism of long-distance jumping and the migration of main active areas for strong earthquakes occurred in the Chinese continent

YANG Shu-Xin1,2,LU Yuan-Zhong1,CHEN Lian-Wang1,YE Ji-Yang1,MI Qi3 1 Institute of Crustal Dynamics,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100085,China 2 School of Civil Engineering,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China 3 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China  
Strong earthquakes occurred in the Chinese continent are usually characterized by grouped activity,long-distance jumping migration,and different main activity areas formed in different times.In the present study a three-dimensional(3-D) finite element model was set up for the Chinese continent involving surface topography,major active fault zones as well as initial stress field to study the mechanism of the long-distance jumping migration and the migration of main active areas for the strong earthquakes occurred in the Chinese continent by using numerical simulations,after considering the birth and death of element groups under different boundary loading actions.Our results show that(1) in an environment where always exists an initial stress field in the Earth's crust,the area where a strong earthquake has occurred has no longer the ability to support high stress(we suppose that the moduli of elasticity of elements within the area be reduced),which can lead to stress adjustment to the order of MPa in a large area,and may be one of the main factors affecting the long-distance jumping migration of the follow-up strong earthquakes,and(2) it is hard to accurately predict where the follow-up strong-earthquakes will occur because it could be affected by many factors such as the loading manner,geological structure,active fault zones,initial stress field,stress field adjustment induced by strong earthquakes,but in an active period of earthquakes,the major factor to affect the activity area and migration of strong earthquakes is the boundary loading configurations.These results suggested that it is helpful to predict the trend of strong-earthquake migration by investigating various kinds of boundary loading manners and the relationship between stress field adjustment induced by strong earthquakes and the regions where strong-earthquakes occurred.
【Fund】: 国土资源部公益性行业科研专项(201011067);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务专项(ZDJ2009-01)资助
【CateGory Index】: P315.5
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