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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2012-01
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Experimental study on the dynamic displacement evolution of fault in stick-slip process

SONG Yi-Min1,MA Shao-Peng2,3*,YANG Xiao-Bin4,GUO Wen-Jing2,SHI Hui-Ji1 1 Department of Mechanics and Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China 2 College of Aerospace Engineering,Beijing Polytechnic University,Beijing 100081,China 3 State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics,Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100029,China 4 Institute of Resources and Safety Engineering,China Mining University(Beijing),Beijing 100083,China  
Observation of the deformation evolution of a stick-slipping fault,especially the dynamic fault displacement evolution characteristics during the very short period of unstable stick-slip,is of great importance to the understanding of initialization and occurrence of earthquakes.Based on the digital speckle correlation method(DSCM),a deformation observation system with multi measurement areas and multi data acquisition speeds is constructed by combining 3 different(2 low speed and 1 high speed) CCD cameras.The stick-slip of a double-shearing slipping rock specimen made of Fangshan granodiorite is experimentally studied,and the fault displacements in the locked stage and the unstable slipping stage are measured using DSCM.The experimental results show that the fault displacements on different locations are different and spatially heterogeneous in the locked stage,however the displacements tend to be uniform at the end of the stage.The uniformization of the fault displacements could probably be considered as a macro form of expression of the uniformization of fault friction resistance.The dynamic displacement results show that the duration of the unstable stick-slip of the fault is very short(about 1 ms for the 300 mm long fault in the experiment in this paper).Pre-slip,i.e.,an obvious acceleration of the slipping speed just before the unstable slip is found in the experiment.The duration of the pre-slip is about one order of magnitude longer than that of the stick-slip.The slipping speed of the fault varies during the stick-slip.The whole stick-slip is composed of several unstable slips with different slipping speeds.
【Fund】: 地震动力学国家重点实验室开放基金(LED08-12);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2010CB226801);; 国家自然科学基金(10972038 50904071)资助
【CateGory Index】: P642.2
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