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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2012-10
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Progress in the study of regional impact of aerosol and related features of heavy fog in Beijing City

SHI Xiao-Hui,XU Xiang-De State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather,Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences,Beijing 100081,China  
Aiming at the hotspot event of the heavy fog process which persisted a week in Beijing and North China in early December of 2011,from the viewpoint of regional impact of aerosol on heavy fog in the city agglomeration and based on the research works of the Major State Basic Research Development Program 973 Project named "Air,Water and Soil Environmental Pollution Mechanism and Its Regulating-Controlling Principles in Beijing and Its Ambient Area",the relationship between heavy fog and regional impact of aerosol in Beijing and its ambient area were discussed.The results suggest that before the fog onset over Beijing,the pollutants like SO2 and NO2 have been accumulated at a lower level and show an abrupt increase.In Beijing and its peripheral area,winter fog days are positively correlated with aerosol optical depth(AOD) and there is "in-phase" character of the interannual variations of them.It indicates that the variations of aerosol have impacts on changes of fog days in this area.It can be found from the distributive feature of the AOD that the high value area(Beijing and its south peripheral area) exhibits a relatively stable south-north zonal pattern,i.e.the AOD high value range of the Beijing might extend to Hebei,Henan,Shandong and Shanxi provinces,etc.,and the spatial distribution of the high value area of AOD is associated with that of the high value area of resident family number.It suggests that the emission sources for winter Beijing atmospheric aerosols particle might be remotely traced to the south peripheral greater-scale spatial range and the large scale transportation also have some effects.Statistical analysis results show that the impacts of SO2 and NOX dominate in the component structure of winter PM10 and PM2.5 aerosol particle,which accords with the relevant research results about the local emission sources of air pollution in Beijing that power plants,heating,and industrial surface source were three major local emission sources of SO2,and automobiles,power plants and industries three major local emission sources of NOX.The principal component analysis result of winter PM10 and PM2.5 aerosol particle is also in accordance with the chemical analysis of fog drops,i.e.the contents of sulfur and carbon are abundant in the fog drops,because coal is still the main living energy in Beijing.The winter heavy fog is not only correlated with the aerosol and air pollution emission in urban region of Beijing,but also has an important relation with the long distance transportation and regional impacts of aerosol and air pollution from the peripheral areas of Beijing,such as Tianjin,Hebei and Shandong provinces,etc.So,the treatment of fog,haze and related air pollution in Beijing must focus on the local pollution abatement,at same time,regional coordinated operation to air pollution in Beijing and its ambient area is also not to be neglected.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(51038001)资助
【CateGory Index】: X513
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