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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2016-01
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A probabilistic approach for seismic facies classification

YUAN Cheng;LI Jing-Ye;CHEN Xiao-Hong;State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources and Prospecting,China University of Petroleum;National Engineering Laboratory for Offshore Oil Exploration,China University of Petroleum;  
The distribution information of reservoir facies is critical for reservoir characterization.However,because of the insufficiency of well-log data,reservoir facies classification in the early stage of oilfield exploration is mainly based on seismic data,which usually manifest strong uncertainty.Traditional method provides us with only a certain outcome of facies distribution that does not contain any uncertainty information of the inversion results.It increases the risk of reservoir characterization and decision-making in any petroleum reservoir.In order to assess the associated uncertainty of seismic facies classification,multistep inversion based on a probabilistic way is introduced in this study.We firstly built the statistical relationships between input and output parameters in each step of seismic facies classification,such as well-log facies definition,probabilistic scale change,and seismic inversion.Then,the probabilistic information of all steps was integrated in a Bayesian framework to compute the seismic facies probability.Furthermore,facies probability of oil shale that is the targeted facies in this case was evaluated by different threshold values.Experiments had been conducted on both synthetic and field data.Compared with the traditional method,the methodology in this paper takes the uncertaintiesin each step of seismic facies classification into account by aprobabilistic multistep approach.The inverted facies probability contains not only the information of facies distributions in the target zone,but also the uncertainty information of seismic facies classification.It plays an important guide for reservoir characterization as well as modeling.By analyzing the probability of oil shale with different thresholds,the locations where have a high occurrence probability of oil shale were illustrated vividly.Seismic facies classification by the probabilistic multistep inversion brings much more information of facies distribution in the target zone than traditional method,which can only afford a certain outcome of facies distribution without any uncertainty information of inversion results.The methodology provides us a simple way to evaluate the uncertainty of seismic facies classification as well as the great value for risk management and optimal decision-making in the petroleum industry.However,the resolution of seismic facies probability is generally low,because the results of probabilistic multistep inversion share the same resolving power with seismic data.In the light of this problem,when the hard data is sufficient,the computed facies probability can be used as the conditional information in the reservoir modeling for acquiring a high-resolution outcome of facies distribution.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(U1262207、41390454);; 国家科技重大专项课题(2011ZX05019-006)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P631.4;P618.13
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