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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2018-03
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Establishment of the fault slip model for large historical earthquakes and its influence on co-seismic calculations:an example of the M_S8.5 Haiyuan earthquake in 1920

DENG YuanHao;CHENG HuiHong;ZHANG Bei;ZHANG Huai;SHI YaoLin;Key Laboratory of Computational Geodynamics of Chinese Academy of Sciences,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
The occurrence of a strong earthquake often induces regional co-seismic deformation and stress changes,which also changes the stress state of fault zones and influences the seismic activity.At present,according to the existing fault slip model,researchers have been able to calculate co-seismic,post-seismic displacements and stress changes,and further apply the concepts of stress trigger to analyze the distribution of aftershocks and earthquake risks.Actually,there were many historical strong earthquakes,for example,the Haiyuan MS8.5 earthquake in 1920,which is one of the biggest earthquakes all over the world.However,due to limitations in recordings of seismic data,only simple uniform fault slip models were proposed based on empirical formula or geological survey.In order to understand the influence of historical earthquakes on the following earthquakes more accurately,more accurate fault slip models are needed.Based on the previous research and general distribution of seismic slip and deep seismic reflection profile,we take Haiyuan MS8.5 earthquake as an example and try to build the fault slip model.At the same time,simple and complex fault slip models with global co-seismic heterogeneous ellipsoid earth model with high precision topography are constructed,respectively.By calculating the co-seismic displacements and stress changes triggered by Haiyuan MS8.5 earthquake,we found the complex fault slip model is much closer and more practical to the field surface dislocation.Moreover,we further calculate the stress changes and Coulomb failure stress changes of the major active faults in recent 100 years in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau due to the Haiyuan MS8.5 earthquake.The preliminary results show that there are some significant differences in near field between simple and complex fault slip models,and no obvious difference in far fields.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学重大项目(41590865);; 中国科学院大学校部教师与研究所科研合作专项基金(Y652013Y00)的联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P315
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