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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2019-01
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Preliminary results and geological significance of Well CSDP-2 in the Central Uplift of South Yellow Sea Basin

ZHANG XunHua;GUO XingWei;WU ZhiQiang;XIAO GuoLin;ZHANG XiaoHua;ZHU XiaoQing;Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Geology,Ministry of Natural Resources,Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology;Function Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resource Geology and Exploration,Qingdao National Oceanography Laboratory;Nanjing Center,China Geological Survey;Ocean University of China;  
The South Yellow Sea Basin is a multi-cycle superimposed basin composed by themarine Mesozoic-Paleozoic basin and overlaid by the continental Mesozoic-Cenozoic basin on the basis of the Presinian cratonic basement of which marine Mesozoic-Paleozoic layer is considered to have broad oil and gas prospects.The central uplift in the middle of South Yellow Sea Basin is one of the secondary tectonic units in South Yellow Sea Basin,the thickness of the Cenozoic sedimentary layer is no more than 1000 m.As an important part of South Yellow Sea Basin,the central uplift shows a bright prospect of oil and gas within a thick marine sedimentary layer below Cenozoic sediment.The views of pre-Cenozoic strata distribution and its hydrocarbon resources in Central Uplift are controversial due to lacking of drilling data.Therefore,Scientific Drilling in the central uplift to explore the Mesozoic-Paleozoic stratigraphic attributes will be of great significance to study on the characteristics of regional geological structure in the South Yellow Sea and their Petroleum Geology Conditions.In order to clarify the character of the MiddlePaleozoic strata and geological structure and find out the petroleum geological condition,and apply the comprehensive geological and geophysical research method under the guidance of regional geological background,the position of Scientific Drilling Well CSDP-2 is designed.The pre-drilling strata and petroleum reservoir were effectively predicted by using seismic phases and seismic velocity analysis and reservoir prediction methods and techniques in the 2 DPTM(pretime migration)section.The Continental Scientific Drilling Project(CSDP)was organized by Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology(QIMG).The first drilling well(Well CSDP-2)has deployed and finished the core drilling in whole length.The drilling results confirmed the distribution of Mesozoic-Paleozoic marine sedimentary strata in the Central Uplift.The long debate about the properties of marine residual strata in the central uplift will be ended.At the same time,the average-good class and large thickness Mesozoic-Paleozoic marine hydrocarbon source rocks were confirmed and the multilevel-based hydrocarbon shows in Qinglong Formation,Longtan Formation,Qixia Formation and Devonian-Silurian were found during the well drilling.The results indicate a favorable potential of oil and gas exploration in the South Yellow Sea.The confidence in marine hydrocarbon resources exploration will be firmed and the work of marine hydrocarbon resources exploration in the South Yellow Sea,especially in the Central Uplift was promoted greatly.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(41210005);; 青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室鳌山科技创新计划项目(2015ASKJ03);; 国家海洋地质专项项目(DD20160147)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P744.4;P756.5
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