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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1994-01
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THE SIMULATION OF COSEISMIC AND POSTSEISMIC CRUSTAL DEFORMATION DUE TO TANGSHAN EARTHQUAKE IN 1976

SUN XUN-YING; LIU JI-YANG; WANG REN(Dept. of Geology, Peking University, Beijing 100871)  
In this paper, the observed coseismic and postseismic deformation due to Tangshan earthquake was fitted by inversional computation.Both the horizontal and vertical postseismic deformation fields(1976-1985) after Tangshan earthquake(1976,Ms7.8) are simulated by means of a 3-dimensional finite element method for viscoelastic medium.A model of the deep structure of North China plate with a dislocation on the Tangshan earthquake fault is used. The fault is located in a multilayer elastic medium(lithosphere) lying over a liner viscoelastic layer(asthenosphere),To direct the inversional computation, the orthogonal design method is applied.From the coseismic and postseismic crustal deformation, the inversional computation suggests an asthenospheric viscosity of 7.1×1018Pa·s and a viscosity of 2.1×1019Pa·s for the upper mantle underlying the continental lithosphere.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: P315.8
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