On“ Saline Lake Agriculture”
Zheng Mianping(R. & D . Center of Salin Lake and Epithermal Deposits ,CAGS; Instituts of Mineral Deposits ,CAGS, Beijing)
Tbe ecosystem of saline lakes can be divided into two subecosystems i.e.brine area and sur-rouding salt marsh ecosystems.Researches and developments of haloalgae ,Artemia ,Spirulina and halophytes and the discovery of the “ visual purple membrane mechanism”of halobacteria representthe beginning of a new domain for reseach and utilization of brine and swamps belonging to thesaline lakes after the traditional aquatic culture and agriculture in fresh water or sea and on the cul-tivated land.The “sa11ne lake agriculture ”is not only an aquatical culture in salt waters ,but also an inter-secting domain of reseaches and developments of aquqatic culture , agriculture and stock raisingclosely related to halophilic organisms near or around the saline waters. The“saline lakesagriculture”(SLA) is a new realm for mankind to get food such as protein and food prigment , andmany industrial and scientifical materials by exploiting the halobiota in ecosystems of saline lakes.So the SLA would become a prospective industry in the 21th century. The “ saline lakes agriculture”has a wide space to develop because the saline lakes arewidespread on the earth’s surface. To transform a saline lake into“farmland”,is a very importantsupplementary measure to improve the environment of saline lake artas and to salve the problem ofshortage of traditional agricultural products and foodstuffs caused by population expansion in theworld.
【CateGory Index】： F319.9