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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1982-04
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A STUDY OF GLOBAL SURFACE TEMPERATURE FIELD IN 70'S (2)——Variability of Global Surface Air Temperature in 70's and the Spreading of the Influence of Major Variation Centers

Fu Cong-bin Zhang Ming-li Peng Xiao-xia Wang Ming-ru Quo Jia-lin(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academia Sinica) (Meteorological Service of Heilongjiang)Dong Hong-nian Yu Tong-jiang(Meteorological Service of Jilin)  
By using the data of global surface air temperature in 70's, we calculated and analysed the characteristics of temporal and spatial variability of air temperature. It was found that three major centers of variation exist over the central part of Eurasia, Antarctic and the eastern equatorial Pacific. The position and intensity of centers show a seasonal variation. The temperature variations in these three regions are closely associated with the anomaly of global temperature. These variations could spread onto other regions by three main approaches, namely zonal wave of temperature anomaly, meridional harmonic wave of temperature and "meridional temperature channel".It is believed that these centers may b e the sensitive points of global climatic variation. The temperature anomaly in China, especially in Northeast China, is closely associated with the variation of these major centers of variability.It should be noted that three centers of variability are all located at the heat sink regions of the atmosphere. The thermal condition of the underlying surface may be an important factor for the formation of major centers of variability.
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