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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1992-01
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The Influence of the Tibetan Plateau on the Summer Thermal and Circulation Fields over East Asia I. The Humidity on the Western Tibetan Plateau in the Height of Summer

Yang Weiyu, Ye Duzheng and Wu Guoxiong(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing, 100080)  
Based on the Tibetan Plateau Meteorology Experiments (TIMEX) data, the ECMWF FGGE Level IIIb data, the cloud atlas from the GMS1 earth synchronous satellite, the river hydrological data and some other relevant information, the moisture condition during the summer of 1979 on the Tibetan Plateau, especially on its western part, the moisture input channels, and the maintenance mechanism of the high humidity on this plateau in summer are detailed.To summarize, the main results of this study are summaried as follows.(a) There is a high humidity, which can be advantageous to enhance the activities of the frequent moisture convective activity systems, on the Western Tibetan Plateau in the height of summer 1979, so that the latent heat is one of the significant heat sources. But the humidity on the Western Tibetan Plateau is somewhat lower than those on its southeastern part.(b) Besides of the two known moisture input channels which locate in the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau and the Zhongba, Dingri area, water vapour can also be inputted into the Western Tibetan Plateau through its west boundary.(c) In comparison with those on the Eastern Tibetan Plateau, just small amount of water vapour is quite enough to maitain of the hgih humidity condition on the Eastern Tibetan Plateau.(d) In the water budget, the precipitation, the evaporation and the permeating of the soil are nearly balanced on the Western Tibetan Plateau, so that the water circle is a inner circle basically.
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