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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1993-01
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Comparison and Analysis of the Chemical Characteristics of Precipitation in China and Japan

Huang Meiyuan Liu Shuairen(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029)Hiromasa Ueda(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics , Kyushu University , Japan)  
Based on the chemical analysis of precipitation obtained on 33 stations in China, 29 stations in Japan and 9 stations in the USA, the chemical characteristics of precipitation in China, Japan and USA are analyzed and compared. It is shown that the chemical features of precipitation in these countries are quite different. There are acid rain in all these three countries, but the lowest pH value is found in the USA. The total ion concentration of rain water in China is the highest, among which the concentrations of SO4= , NH/ and Ca++ are especially high. The Cl- and Na+ concentrations of rain water in Japan are extraordinarily high. NO3- concentration of rain water in the USA is the highest. Analysis of the structure of ion components and various ratios of ions indicates that the influence of land sources on ion concentrations of rain water in China is significant, while influence of sea sources on ion concentrations of rain water is the largest in Japan, and influence of the industry pollution on ion concentrations of rain water is the largest in USA. In this paper the chemical characteristics of precipitation in different regions of China and Japan are also discussed and analyzed.
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