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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2005-01
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Some Studies of the Hydrological Interactions in the Atmosphere-Ecosystem-Soil System

ZENG Qing-Cun1, ZENG Xiao-Dong 2,4,5, WANG Ai-Hui 1,4,5, Robert E. Dickinson3, Xubin Zeng4, and Samuel S.P. Shen51 Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029 2 Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101 3 Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA 4 The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA 5 University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada  
Some of the authors’ current studies on the hydrological interactions in the atmosphere-ecosystem-soil system by using the Bucket model and some simplified models developed currently by the authors are reported. The results of theoretical analysis and numerical simulation show that these models can very clearly and compactly capture the essential feature and some basic characteristics of this complex system. For given atmospheric variables, this system possesses pronounced phenomenon of multiple time scales, “red shift” of response spectra, multi-equilibria and limit cycle, bifurcation, abrupt change, self-organization, recovery, “desertification” and chaos. Most of them also exist in the reality. Especially, the “shading effect” of canopy (the wilted biomass included) demonstrated by the authors' investigations might be the major mechanism leading to desertification for relatively short period due to the over use of grassland, and the desertification for a relatively long period or due to the climate change might result from both the Charney's mechanism and the shading effect. These ideas should be validated by further numerical simulations. Some methods for improving the estimation of inherent time scales in the soil hydrology are also proposed.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 40 2 330 2 7;; 美国NOAA全球研究计划;; NASA (NAGA - 1 332 2 );; 加拿大MITACS研究计划;; 中国科学院海外评议员研究基金;; 中国科学院海外知名学者奖励基金
【CateGory Index】: P461
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