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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2005-01
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The Numerical Simulation of the Genesis of Tropical Cyclone Bilis (2000): The Evolution and Transformation of Asymmetric Momentum

XU Ya-Mei 1,2, and WU Rong-Sheng21 Department of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 2 Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing\ 210093  
The evolution of tropical cyclone Bilis (2000) from a very weak tropical depression into tropical storm and typhoon is simulated using the PSU/NCAR nonhydrostatic, two-way interactive, nested grid mesoscale model MM5. It is found that the evolution of asymmetric momentum in the low level and its transformation to symmetric momentum play an important role in the genesis of Bilis. Eddy flux is the exchange term between asymmetric and symmetric momentum. Further analysis shows that the eddy flux is not only associated with the quantity of asymmetric momentum, but also depends on the streamline pattern. If the pattern is cyclonic inflow or anticyclonic outflow, the exchange of the asymmetric to symmetric momentum causes the decrease of asymmetric flow and increase of symmetric flow. Otherwise, there is momentum transport from asymmetric to symmetric flow with pattern of cyclonic outflow or anticyclonic inflow.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目 40 3330 2 5;; 我国登陆台风灾害的监测及预报技术研究 (2 0 0 1PIA 2 0 0 2 6)
【CateGory Index】: P444
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