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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2005-01
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Numerical Experiments of the Impact of Moisture Transportation on Sustaining of the Landfalling Tropical Cyclone and Precipitation

LI Ying, CHEN Lian-Shou, and XU Xiang-DeChinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081  
Tropical cyclones are mainly driven by the energy from the release of latent heat which has a close relation to the moisture supply. As to the landfalling tropical cyclone, the moisture transportation plays an important role in its sustention over land. Bilis was sustained over land with 3 days long. The major characteristic of Bilis is that there existed a moisture transportation channel connected with the right circle of Bilis. This process would keep Bilis supplied with water vapor after it landed.Numerical experiments are is performed with PSU/NCAR MM5V3 to study the impact of moisture transportations from different directions on Bilis'sustention and precipitation. Results demonstrate that moisture supply is favorable for maintaining Bilis’circulation over land. It is found that (1)Bilis would decrease obviously without the moisture transportation from all lateral boundaries,(2)moisture transportation affects the thermodynamic structure of typhoon to a great extent and plentiful water vapor is helpful to maintain Bilis'warm core,(3)plentiful moisture supply contributes to typhoon rainfall and convective activities which play a major role in typhoon sustention due to moisture condensation and latent heat release,(4)the moisture transportation from the south lateral boundary has the most distinct impact on Bilis'intensity and rainfall rather than from the other three boundaries.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 40 1 750 1 9;; 国家科技部公益重点项目 2 0 0 1DIA2 0 0 2 6
【CateGory Index】: P444
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