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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2005-01
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The Three-Dimensional Propagation of Quasi-Stationary Planetary Waves in the Northern Hemisphere Winter and Its Interannual Variations

CHEN Wen and HUANG Rong-HuiInstitute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080  
A review is firstly given on the energy dispersion and the winter propagation of quasi-stationary planetary waves in global three-dimensional atmosphere, which were studied based on the energy dispersion of Rossby-waves formulated by Prof. Ye Duzheng. Then based on the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data and the AGCM simulation data, the E-P flux of quasi-stationary planetary waves is calculated from 40 years winter wind and temperature data. The feature of E-P flux indicated that the quasi-stationary planetary waves propagate along two wave guides in the Northern Hemisphere winter. This is consistent with our theoretical analysis. The interannual variations of E-P flux are also studied for the quasi-stationary planetary waves, and the results present that the two wave guides for the quasi-stationary planetary waves evidently have interannual oscillation. Moreover, by comparing the interannual variations between the E-P flux divergence for the quasi-stationary planetary waves and the Arctic Oscillation, it is found that the oscillation of two wave guides for the quasi-stationary planetary waves has close influence on the Arctic Oscillation on the interannual timescale. Therefore, the interannual variations of quasi-stationary planetary wave activity can have an impact on the tropospheric climate variability.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 40 3750 2 1、 40 2 31 0 0 5;; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 2 0 0 4CB41 830 3
【CateGory Index】: P433
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