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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2005-01
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Comparison of the Atmospheric Heat Sources Obtained from ERA and Those from NCEP2 and Study of the Variations in the Nature of Heating over the Global Atomosphere

LAN Guang-Dong, Wen Zhi-Ping, and HE Hai-YanCenter of Monsoon and Environment Research, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275  
The global atmospheric heat sources are calculated by using the ECMWF reanalyzed data (hereafter referred to as ERA) and the NCEP/NCAR reanalyzed data (version 2, hereafter referred to as NCEP2) independently. Based on the comparisons of the atmospheric heat sources from ERA and those from NCEP 2, the annual oscillations of the sign of the vertically integrated heat source field 〈Q 1〉 are studied in this paper. It is showed that the variation of 〈Q 1〉 revealed by the ERA data in some regions where great differences between the two data sets are observed seems to be more realistic than that revealed by the NCEP 2 data set. So we carry on our next analysis in this paper based on the results from the ERA data set. By analyzing the annual oscillation of the sign in the vertically integrated heat source field 〈Q 1〉, geographical distributions of the permanent atmospheric heat sources (sinks) are presented. The permanent heat sources are located over i) the western part of the equatorial Africa; ii) the ocean region on the west side of the Sumatra; iii) the equatorial Western Pacific and the equatorial Central Pacific. In addition, there is also a permanent heating center over the ocean region to the east of Japan. The permanent heat sinks are mainly located over the high latitude regions, and over the tropical ocean regions to the west of the continents.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 40 2 750 2 6;; 973项目G1 9980 4 0 90 0共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P433
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