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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2006-01
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Seasonal and Diurnal Variations of the Exchange of Water Vapor and CO_2 Between the Land Surface and Atmosphere in the Semi-Arid Area

LIU Hui-Zhi~(1),TU Gang ~(2),DONG Wen-Jie~(3),FU Cong-Bin~(2),and SHI Li-Qing~(1)1 Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese(Academy) of Sciences,Beijing 1000292 Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment Research for Temperate East Asia,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 1000293 National Meteorological Center,Beijing 1000814 Institute of Meteorological Science of Jilin Province,Changchun 130062  
Based on the eddy covariance(EC) observation from October 2002 to December 2003 over the semi-arid area(44°25′N,122°52′E, 184 m ASL) in Tongyu,Northeast China over the degraded grassland and the cropland surface,the seasonal and diurnal variations of the exchange of the water vapor and CO_(2) are investigated.Tongyu observation station is also one of the reference sites of the CEOP(Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period).According to the soil volumetric water content in the surface soil layer,the wet and dry seasons in one year observation are very distinct in the semi-arid area.So the annual cycle observation is divided into the two seasons.The wet season is from June to September,while the other is the dry season.The main results are in the following.1) The rainfall is strongly influenced by the land cover in the semi-arid area and has strong heterogeneity in the wet season,especially during the convective weather system in summer.2) The latent heat flux is larger over the cropland surface than that over degraded grassland surface in the growing season,while in the dry season their difference is few.The sensible heat flux is the main part of the available energy except that in the wet season in the semi-arid area.In the wet season the latent heat flux has the same order as the sensible heat flux.The albedo over the cropland surface is less than that over the degraded grassland surface in the wet season,while there is no distinct difference over the two land surfaces in the dry season.The net radiation flux has seasonal variation,while in winter it is less than the half of that in summer.The soil heat flux at the ground surface over the cropland surface is smaller than that over the degraded grassland surface in the wet season.The available energy over the cropland surface is larger than that over the degraded grassland surface in the wet season,while in the dry season there is few difference.3) The soil volumetric water content is less than 15% in the surface soil layer (020 cm) in the dry season.In the wet season(growing season) the soil volumetric water content has a good correlation with the rainfall.The soil volumetric water content has a rapid increase during the soil thawing period(from March to April).4) The CO_(2) flux is less than 0.2 mg·m~(-2)·s~(-1) over two ecosystems except the growing season.During the growing season,the carbon dioxide flux over the cropland ecosystem is a little larger than that over the degraded grassland ecosystem.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目2006CB400501
【CateGory Index】: P463
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3 Zhao Jian-Hua1)2) Zhang Qiang1)2)3) (1.Lanzhou,Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Changing and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province,Lanzhou,Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Changing and Reducing Disaster of Chinese Meteorological Administration,Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology of Chinese Meteorological Administration,Lanzhou 730020,China 2.College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,China 3.Gansu Meteorological Bureau,Lanzhou 730020,China);Application of Gradual Transmission Process to Surface Energy Balance[A];[C];2010
4 Li Qin1,Gulgina·Helil 1,ZHAO Ling2,3,AN Shazhou2,3,(1.Xinjiang Meteorological Information Center,Urumqi 83002,China;2.College of Grassland and Environment Science,Xinjiang Agricultural University,Key Laboratory of Grassland Resources and Ecology of Xinjiang,Urumqi 830052;3.Institute of Desert Meteorology,China Meteorology Administration,Urumqi 830002,China);Analysis upon the Features of Grass-Surface Temperature in Xinjiang[A];[C];2011
5 Cai Zhe1,2 Tan Guirong 2 Sun Li3 Qu Jinhua3 (1.Jinan Meteorological Observatory,Jinan,Shandong 250002;2.Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210044;3.Institute of Meteorological Science of Jilin Province,Changchun,Jilin 130062);Surface Water Resources Response to Climate Change in Jinlin Province[A];[C];2011
6 Jia Hong-tao~1,Zhu Xin-ping~1,Sheng Yu~2,Zhao Cheng-yi~2,Xu You-jin~1 (1.College of Pratacultural and Environmental Sciences,Xinjiang Agricultural University,830052,Urumqi China; 2.Xinjiang Ecological Geography Research Institute,CAS,830011,Urumqi China);Study on soil CO_2 emission characteristics ofthree woodland ecosystems in arid region[A];[C];2012
7 Sun Shi-qiang~1,Liu Shou-dong~1,Wang Yong-wei~1,Wang Cheng-gang~1,Bai Yang~1 (1.Yale-NUIST Center on Atmospheric Environment of Nanjing University of Information Science Technology, Nanjing 210044,China 2.College of Applied Meteorology of Nanjing University,Information Science Technology, Nanjing 210044,China);Characteristics analysis of radiation and energy budget over urban and suburban underlying surfaces[A];[C];2012
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