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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2006-01
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Interdecadal Variations of Connections Between the Principal Biennial Oscillation Pattern of Rain in China and Global 500 hPa Circulation

YANG Qiu-MingJiangsu Meteorological Observatory,Nanjing 210008  
Based on the observed data during the period of 19512001,the different characteristics of the propagation of the principal biennial oscillation pattern of the rain in China are analyzed for the cool(19511976) and warm(19772001) phase of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation(PDO),and the difference and cause of the propagation of the low frequency wavetrains at 500 hPa associated with the biennial oscillation of the rain in China are also investigated.An interannual oscillation instability index is introducted,and the spatial distributions of the nonstationary intensity for quasi-biennial oscillation(QBO) of the China rain and global 500 hPa height are discussed.The principal modes of the biennial oscillation for China rain are identified by means of the Principal Oscillation Pattern analysis(POP) for the different phase of PDO.It is found that the main active region of the biennial oscillation is in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River,which is connected with wavetrain of 500 hPa from East Asia through Eurasian continent into Northern Atlantic(AEU) and Western Atlantic teleconnection pattern(WA) and subtropical southern Pacific wavetrain(SSP),for the PDO cool phase.While the active region shifts northward and extends toward the whole region of the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River valleys,which is linked to Eurasian Pacific wavetrain and southern Indian Ocean and SouthNorth Atlantic wavetrain(EUPSISNA),for the PDO warm phase.Hence,there are significant differences for the propagation paths and intensity of low frequency waves associated with principal biennial oscillation modes of China rain between cool and warm phase of PDO,and the paths of propagation for the principal mode of China rain(POP1) and the active regions associated with low frequency wave are regulated significantly by PDO. It is closely related to the interdecadal variations of the intensity for westerly wind in middle latitude of the Northern and Southern hemispheres.By analyzing the interannual oscillation instability index,it is found that the instable regions are in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River,the eastern regions of Zhejiang and Guangdong provinces,the northern part of China and near the northeast side of Tibetan Plateau for QBO intensity of China rain,implying that an interdecadal abrupt change of QBO intensity related to the phase transition of PDO is significant.For the global 500 hPa height,nonstationary biennial oscillations are identified in the mid- and high-latitude regions of the southern Pacific,subtropical regions of the southern and northern Atlantic,the mid- and high-latitude regions of Asian and northern American continent and northern Pacific,subtropical western Pacific in the Northern Hemisphere and the tropical and subtropical eastern Pacific in the Southern and Northern hemispheres,which exhibits an asymmetry structure to the equator.In particular,there is a seesawlike fluctuation in the southern tropical and northern subtropical Pacific for the intensity of QBO in decadal timescales,while there is the enhancing in Arctic and Antarctic for the PDO warm phase,which reflects the spatial features of interaction between the intensity of QBO for the global general circulations and PDO.
【CateGory Index】: P461
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