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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2008-05
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The Study of Global Radiative Forcing due to Black Carbon Aerosol

ZHANG Hua1,MA Jinghui1,2,3,and ZHENG Youfei21 Laboratory for Climate Studies,National Climate Center,China Meteorological Administration,Beijing 1000812 Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology,Nanjing 2100443 Pudong New Area Weather Office,Shanghai Meteorological Bureau,Shanghai 200135  
Combining the global distributions of black carbon(BC) mass concentration given by GADS(Global Aerosol Data Set),The direct radiative forcing due to BC have been calculated with an improved radiative transfer model under clear sky in both winter and summer.The results show that the radiative forcing by BC is positive at the tropopause and negative at the surface,which is different from the positive radiative forcing of greenhouse gases through the whole atmosphere.The reason is explained theoretically in this paper.The global mean forcing values are 0.085 W/m2 for winter and 0.155 W/m2 for summer at the tropopause,while they are-0.37 W/m2 for winter and-0.63 W/m2 for summer at the surface.Although the radiative forcing due to BC is highly dependent on the optical properties of itself and its concentration in the atmosphere,surface albedo and zenith angle also influence the forcing greatly.It is pointed out in this work that the absolute values of radiative forcing due to BC at both the tropopause and the surface increase linearly with the cosine of zenith angle and the surface albedo.The distribution of BC radiative forcing relies significantly on the latitude change,its maximum value is located between 30°N and 90°N for both winter and summer,which shows that anthropogenic activities are the main cause for BC radiative forcing.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目2006CB403707;; 科技部公益性行业(气象)科研专项经费GYHY200706036
【CateGory Index】: P422
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Kai, GAO Hui wang (College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, Shandong, China);RESEARCH ON SOURCE AND SINK OF EAST ASIA'S SAND-DUST AEROSOLS[J];Journal of Safety and Environment;2003-03
2 Zhang Junhua, Mao Jietai and Wang Meihua Department of Atmospheric Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871;Analysis of the Aerosol Extinction Characteristics in Different Areas of China[J];大气科学进展(英文版);2002-01
3 Xia Daehing Zheng Liangjie Dong Shuanglin Song Li (Meteorological Research Institute of the Headquarters of the General Staff);SOME OPERATORS FOR SEPARATING MESO-SCALE METEOROLOGICAL FIELDS AND THEIR COMPARISONS[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;1983-03
4 Shi Guangyu(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100029);Global Wanning Potential Due to CFCs and Their Substitutes[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;1992-03
5 Qiu Jinhuan and Sun Jinhui(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029);Optically Remote Sensing of the Dust Storm and Result Analysis[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;1994-01
6 Wang Haixiao; Chen Changhe; Huang Jianguo (Atmospheric Sciences Department of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730001);The Longwave Radiative Effect of Smog Layer and Its Influences on the Boundary layer Temperature Stratification[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;1994-01
7 Zhang Junhua, Liu Li and Mao Jietai (State Key Laboratory for Severe Storm Research, Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871);Remote Sensing of Aerosol Optical Properties with Multi-Spectral Sun Photometer in the Damxung Region, Tibetan Plateau[J];SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA;2000-04
8 Zhang Junhua, Wang Meihua and Mao Jietai (State Key Laboratory for Severe Storm Research, Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 );Error Analysis and Correction for Multi-Wavelength Sun-Photometer Aerosol Remote Sensing[J];SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA;2000-06
9 ZHANG Hua 1 , SHI Guang-Yu 2 , and LIU Yi31 Laboratory for Climate Studies, National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081 2 State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029 3 Laboratory for Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029;A Comparison Between the Two Line-by-Line Integration Algorithms[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;2005-04
10 Zhao Fengsheng and Shi Guangyu(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Beijing 100029);One Dimensional Model Analysis of Aerosol Climate Effect[J];SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA;1994-S1
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