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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2016-01
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Differences between the Large-Scale Circulations and Synoptic-Scale Waves in July–September 2004 and Those in 2006 and Their Impacts on Tropical Cyclogenesis over the Western North Pacific

FENG Tao;HUANG Ronghui;YANG Xiuqun;SHEN Xinyong;HU Kaiming;School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University;Center for Monsoon System Research, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology;  
There are significant differences in the tropical cyclone(TC) activities between the year 2004 and 2006 over the western North Pacific, in that TC formations occurred over the central and eastern part of the western North Pacific during July and September 2004, but over the South China Sea and the western part of the western North Pacific during July and September 2006. In this paper, the impacts of large-scale atmospheric factors and tropical synoptic-scale perturbation on tropical cyclogenesis over the western North Pacific during July–September 2004 and those in 2006 are analyzed and compared by using Joint Typhoon Warning Center(JTWC) best track data, National Centers for Environmental Prediction – Department of Energy(NCEP-DOE) Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project Phase-II(AMIP-II) reanalysis data, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA) outgoing longwave radiation(OLR) data. The results show that there is no remarkable difference between the average position of the monsoon trough in 2004 and that in 2006. However, the shapes of the monsoon trough are quite different. In 2004, the trough line is not noticeable but a cyclonic vortex is located over the central western North Pacific as the prominent feature. However, in 2006, the principle feature of the monsoon circulation is the distinct trough line, and horizontal wind shear is characterized by straight horizontal flow to the north and south of the trough line. Besides, an important reason for the distribution of TC events is the zonal differences of low-level relative vorticity, high-level divergence and vertical wind shear between 2004 and 2006. Moreover, the evolutions of synoptic-scale wave trains with a 3–8-day period over the western North Pacific during July to September in the years of 2004 and 2006 are analyzed and compared. The results show a close relationship between the tropical cyclogenesis and synoptic-scale wave trains in both 2004 and 2006. A stronger synoptic-scale wave train is located over the central and eastern part of the western North Pacific in 2004, and a weaker synoptic-scale wave train is located over the South China Sea and western part of the western North Pacific in 2006, which could be ascribed to the horizontal differences of the transient eddy kinetic energy tendency through the shear and confluence of the zonal mean flow. Therefore, the differences between the large-scale environment and synoptic-scale waves during July to September 2004 and those in 2006 led to different TC activities, in that TCs tended to form over the eastern area in 2004 and over the western area in 2006.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目2012CB417293;; 国家自然科学基金项目41230527、41375065、41405067;; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目20620140339~~
【CateGory Index】: P434;P444
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