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The Characteristics of Low Frequency Oscillations in Winter Monsoon over the Eastern Asia

Jin Zuhui and Sun Shuqing(Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of sciences,Beijing 100029)  
The periodic oscillations with different time scales of atmospheric fluctuation in winter monsoon are revealed by using surface temperature (1979~1986) and pressure data(1979~1983) in China. Result shows that the periodic fluctuations are most important.Their averaged relative variance contributions(30~60 day and 10~20 day oscillations) account for 59.2% of the total variance for the temperature and 49.8% for the pressure respectively.However,their interannual variations and difference among different regions exist obviously.The maximum value of the relative variance contribution of the 30~60 day oscillation of temperature reaches 50.2% but its minimum shows only 11.5%.The oscillation features of the pressure variable are also similar.In addition,the variation of intensity for the 30~60 day oscillation seems opposite to the biweekly one.When the 30~60 day oscillation dominates,the biweekly one becomes weaker.The meridional propagation of the 30~60 day oscillation mainly is southward,covering the distance from North China to South China in 3~6 days except for the years in which the 30~60 day oscillations are exceptional weak.However,this kind of the propagation process is more clear in the region to the north of 28°N than in the one to its south.This may be because of that its southward propagation in lower latitudes not only depends on the intensity of the oscillation in itself but also is influenced by the propagation of oscillations from tropics and the Southern Hemisphere.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 中国科学院“八五”重大项目
【CateGory Index】: P425.42
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